Dr. Jacob Mittlayder — an international expert on agriculture and horticulture. Over fifteen years, the scope of its activities was the production of seedlings in the nursery industry in Southern California. He has developed commercial growing techniques, packaging and delivery by air of more than 50 species of living plants, including flowers for retail sale. Dr. Mittlayder has 11 U.S. patents. He collaborated with the University of Loma Linda in California, where he taught agricultural techniques and supervised agricultural projects. Since 1964, Dr. Mittlayder continued its activities worldwide, teaching and consulting in many countries of the world. He conducted training and demonstration farm programs in many states, including New Guinea, Okinawa, Fiji, Mexico, Zimbabwe, Upper Volta, Trinidad and many others. He also took a number of invitations to the deployment of its practices in Canada and the United States.
Since 1989, Dr. Mittlayder provides training and demonstration projects in the Soviet Union. D. Mittlayder is the author of many books, articles and tutorials. And if you are not familiar with the method Mittlaydera, I suggest you do so now. There are two options for growing vegetables on Mittlayderu, and you can stop at that, which is more suited to your needs and circumstances. Choose vegetable growing on ridges (also known as vegetable growing on the narrow ridges), if you prefer to grow vegetables on the natural soil. Ridges can be of any length. The length can be changed to accommodate the ridge to the shape and surface area.
Or choose a vegetable drawers, ridges, if you prefer to grow vegetables for this box-ridges, filled artificially prepared soil. Boxes-chain can be of any length and width, but their depth is usually equal to 20 cm under a layer of artificial Peat mixture in boxes-ridges are a natural pound. Boxes-ridge can build almost everywhere.
Vegetable gardening on narrow ridges. The narrow ridges are narrow strips of land, specially prepared for the production of high yields of vegetables. Narrow ridges usually have a width of 45 cm and a length of 9 m. The length of these ridges can be varied depending on the size of your garden, but the width of narrow ridges must always be equal to 45 cm along each side of a narrow ridge bumpers are about 10 cm tall interior space between flanges from 30 to 35 cm inside the soil is carefully smoothed out. Narrow ridges can limit bumpers not only laterally, but with the end to prevent water runoff from the ridges. Potato plants planted in two rows on the inside rail. Fertilizer is placed in the center of the ridges, mounds of narrow strip on the soil surface in 7,5-10 cm from the plants. The situation in such a short distance fertilizers do not cause burn plants. Order to fertilizer became available for use by plants, they must be dissolved, which is achieved with the help of irrigation. In the garden, made by the method Mittlaydera, many areas still are not planted and used in order to make large passages between the ridges. Ideally, the passages should have a width of 105 cm If you have a little space, the width of the passages between the ridges can be slightly reduced. However, the width of aisles in no case be less than 75-60 cm, otherwise the plants will not receive enough light and space for growth.
In vegetable production on narrow ridges watering only the ridge, but not cross. This simplifies weed control in the aisles and saves water. You will also find that the weeds do not grow well in the middle of the narrow ridges. This is due to high concentration of salts in place of fertilizer, which prevents the development of weeds. When you are watering ridges, avoid using sprinkler systems. Water (except rain) should not fall on the leaves of plants. Pour the narrow ridge at the level of the soil and roots. This prevents the growth of mold on the plants and reduces water consumption. More complete instructions on weed control and watering fyad you get in this course later.
The advantages of growing vegetables on the narrow ridges. The method of vegetable growing on the narrow ridges on Mittlayderu combines the best features of vegetable growing on natural soil and hydroponics. This is a perfect win-win method. It is simple to implement, eliminates guesswork and ensures success almost everywhere, almost all types of difficult soils. Here are the benefits of gardening on narrow ridges.
1. The fullest use of time, space and resources. Looking for only a few hand tools such as shovels, rakes and hoses for irrigation. The method significantly reduces the time and effort that people spend on weeding. Method inexpensive, because fertilizers and all that is necessary for the cultivation of potatoes are minimal in cost and easily accessible. With appropriate training, ordinary people are able to create quite unusual gardens.
2. High yields. Plenty can be done on any type of soil, everywhere in the world. Success achieved since left to chance nothing is left. Plants supply food supplements minerals, as in hydroponics, but without the use of special equipment. Unlike hydroponics, a method of cultivation on the narrow ridges gives plants access to nutrients that are in the natural soil.
3. Proper nutrition of plants. Special recipes, which are preparing a mixture of fertilizers, are of great value. They are the result of thirty-five year experience in various parts of the world, and their balance and accuracy tested in practice in the field. Mixtures of fertilizers, compiled the recipes Dr. Mittlaydera exclude the guesswork in the production of beautiful, healthy vegetables.
4. Economic use of water. In the method of growing vegetables on the narrow ridges water is fed to plants only in the root zone layer. Waters spent a lot less and not a drop wasted. It is very important in the dry period of summer, as well as difficulties with water supply to the sector.
5. Protection from adverse weather conditions. Narrow ridges can easily conceal, erecting miniature greenhouses, which will protect the young potato plants in return frosts, as well as during the early planting of potatoes.
Growing potatoes in boxes-ridges. Boxes-ridges are devoid of the bottom frame, used to fence off small plots of land. Frames are usually made of wood or cement, building directly on the site of their use and set in a strictly horizontal position. Boxes are filled with artificially-ridge made «self-made soil, which is a mixture of sawdust and sand, or a combination of other inert and organic materials with balanced fertilizer. Artificial augmentation of yield in the box-ridges used year after year. It never changed and is not discarded.
For the construction of a framework for boxes, the ridges can use various suitable materials: treated lumber (treated wood is maintained longer unprocessed); cement; small flat timber (eg, pine), old railway sleepers.
For wood, do not use creosote. It retains toxicity to plants for many years. Old railway sleepers can be used as creosote in them is no longer toxic.
Boxes-ridge filled with various materials, both organic and synthetic. Typically, a mixture composed of 2-3 listed materials: sawdust, sand, sphagnum moss, perlite, pine bark, pellets stirofo-ma (insulating foam), crushed walnut shells, pumice. Natural soil to fill the boxes not used. Boxes-chain can be of any length and width, but most people use a «mini-boxes of a width of 45 cm, or» standard «boxes of width 150 cm Doctor Mittlayder also has extensive experience of successful use of boxes, the ridge width 120 cm Width 120 cm is ideal when using the automatic watering system. However, box-chain can be any size suitable for your needs and circumstances.
Boxes-ridges are positioned horizontally, and the depth in any part of them should be the same. Recommended depth of 20 cm between the boxes Passages-ridges are 90 cm distance between the ends of the boxes is 150 cm If the box-chain built correctly, they are trouble-free for many years. Advantages of boxes-ridges with artificial Peat mixture. The success of the vegetable drawers-ridges are not dependent on local soil conditions. Boxes-chain can be built almost everywhere — in cities, on hillsides, in places where very poor soil conditions. They provide excellent drainage, aeration of the roots and balanced nutrition of plants.
In the box-fyadah under a layer of Peat mixture natural «native soil» remains moist and soft. This allows plant roots to penetrate into the natural soil. Boxes-chain lengthened growing season, as the artificial soil warmed up quickly in spring, which accelerates growth. Boxes-ridges act as temperature regulators, as well as artificial roots in the soil cool during the hot summer, which is very important for potato.
Boxes-chain retain water. With a balanced mineral nutrition and proper operation at the box-ridges are high yields of high quality vegetables. Vegetable growing in boxes, ridges requires less space than a vegetable on a natural soil. In the box-ridges are very few weeds or non-existent. Box-chain is easy to handle, because they can handle from all sides.
What do I choose? Narrow ridges on natural soil or box-chain? You can use the method of growing potatoes on narrow ridges, or a way of growing in boxes, ridges, or try both. Both give an excellent harvest. Vegetable gardening on narrow ridges is easier for beginners and is less expensive. If soils are poor, you need to acquire knowledge of fertilizers, shortage of power plants and how to improve soils. Boxes-chain require more initial work and costs than the narrow ridge. However, box-chain is easy to construct and use. Being once built, they can serve for many years. For a successful market gardening classes following important quality.
Accuracy and thoroughness should be the rule. Be specific when choosing instruments, measured fertilizers, watering and the rest of what you do. Eliminate the guesswork, uncertainty, work «at random».
Productivity. Realize that there are limits your opportunities. Not waste time in vain, energy and money.
Speed. Problems arising from the cultivation of vegetables, should be resolved quickly and with minimum errors. In order to work quickly and efficiently, make as little physical effort. Do not make yourself unnecessary work.
Anticipation. Be able to anticipate every next tag or task. Work will be done successfully if it is preceded by a plan. Know what to do and when to do it.
Good looking. To the cultivation of vegetables has been successful and productive kitchen garden should be clean, kept in good order and look beautiful.
Consistency. Ability to monotonous action-When the plants are uniform treatment and care, they grow and ripen evenly at the same time. Let each potato plants the same amount of water and fertilizer.
What tools you need
Suitable, effective tools for cultivating a garden — a tool that can work for a long time without experiencing fatigue. If you are tired and started to work in twenty minutes, ask yourself whether those tools you have.
Never use heavy tools. Keep files, in order to sharpen the tools. Keep your tools in good conditions.
You need the following tools:
1.Lopata with a rounded blade and a long handle. It is used for digging the earth. Lopata also excellent for removal of perennial weeds and roots.
2.Ogorodnye rake (rake of 20 cm is easier to use than 30 or 40 cm). Rakes used to align the ground and shape into a narrow ridges. The flip side of rakes used to break up clods.
3.Tyapka with straight blade (sometimes called a hand cultivator or hand pololnik), rather than curved chopping hoe. Use a hoe only on the surface of the soil to kill weeds by removing them above-ground parts.
4.Vedro capacity of 7.8 liters for mixing fertilizer.
5.Sadovy hose end is securely wrapped in cloth. Rags, wrapped around the hose will prevent the formation of gullies in the soil. This will allow you to use the full pressure of the water and significantly speed up the watering the garden.
6.Samodelnoe device for fertilizing plants when feeding on the narrow ridges. With this adjustment, you do not have to bend down and run down his back, and you can quickly fertilize the soil, passing along the ridges. To produce such a device, nailed an empty tin can with a capacity of 450 g, by the end of the wooden slats section 5×5 cm and 180 cm long or even longer if the wooden handle is located horizontally in relation to land, the bank will be perpendicular to the handle (facing the open end up). Bank holds the number of fertilizer, enough to make the standard ridge size of 45 cm at 9 pm with his hand at an angle, start with one end of the ridge and gently shaking distributes fertilizer. Walk along the ridge, evenly distributing the fertilizer until you reach the other end. Again filled the jar fertilizer and manure start following rows.
7.Veroyatno, you will also use MARKERS, to ensure the correct placement of plants. For different purposes using different MARKERS.
How much time and labor? The time and labor required to create and maintain a garden on Mittlayderu depend on what size area you have planned, on the condition of the land to be cleared and prepared, and how will you prepare the potatoes for planting. Since growing conditions vary considerably, estimates will be only approximate.
General, the potato is enough to withdraw 5 narrow ridge width of 45 cm and a length of 9 m from the passage between the ridges of width 105 cm
The construction of a ridge will take no more than an hour, and on soil preparation and planting will take 1.5 hours on one ridge. Once the plants have been planted on watering, feeding and caring for plants, you should plan on 5 minutes a day on one ridge (early morning).